''Once in Japan Maganov and I were looking for fuel cells for cars''

The author of the concept ''Russian electric drone'' Yury Dobrovolsky yesterday surprised the president of Tatarstan by the world records in non-stop flights with fuel cells. He told in secret why BMW electric cars go one and a half times longer than the widely promoted superbrand Tesla. Having entered into the spirit of innovation, the president has instructed ''big energy industry'' to implement the intelligent system ROTEK which, most likely, will stick in ''throat'' to the service contracts with foreign suppliers of turbines. Read more in the article of Realnoe Vremya.

Dramatic improvements of the properties of batteries and fuel cells, on which the world's leading companies for the production of aircrafts and automobiles are working, will radically change the technical characteristics of high-speed equipment. At a meeting of Tatneftehiminvestholding, the head of the Laboratory of Solid State Ionics of the Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of RAS Yury Dobrovolsky presented several power sources for unmanned aerial vehicles, backup power sources and chargers for mobile equipment, created on the basis of the new Russian developments. Fuel cells, produced in Chernogolovka, are seven or eight times greater by generated energy (about 500 g/kW) than the most advanced lithium polymer batteries of the same mass, but can serve much longer.

Fuel cells raised drones

''The first fuel cells were invented over 100 years ago, but only now all of the world's manufacturers of machinery started to use them,'' said Yury Dobrovolsky. ''But the biggest boom is in robotics. On the basis of fuel elements, the world companies produce unmanned aircrafts: the record duration of the first flight of ION Tiger UAV with power plant Protonex took place in 2009, then it set the record of 23 hours, this time it is twice longer — 48-49 hours straight without refuelling. What is more, it is almost not audible, not visible, and it does not harm the ecological environment. The resource of autonomous movement of helicopter type is worse — it flies about an hour,'' he compared. ''It is quite amazing example of hybrid technology — ENEL company has installed fuel cells on the quadcopter — it flies four hours,'' he said about the latest achievements in the field of unmanned vehicles. According to Dobrovolsky, particularly successful in this direction are the United States and Israel. ''They have the payload for such equipment of 5-6 kg. It is quite nice machine.''

The author of the concept ''Russian electric drone'' Yury Dobrovolsky said that in recent years the Russian arms have been provided with 20 aircrafts

Every two weeks in the Moscow suburb of Chernogolovka they test unmanned aerial vehicles produced of the fuel elements of IPCP RAS. The author of the concept ''Russian electric drone'' Yury Dobrovolsky said that in recent years the Russian arms have been provided with 20 aircrafts. ''They flew in Syria and showed remarkable results. Now we have a big order from the Ministry of Defence despite the fact that we are a small company, we are only a laboratory in the Academy of Sciences,'' he said.

Tesla vs. BMW

''What batteries does Tesla use?'' asked Rustam Minnikhanov. Renowned expert quite authoritatively told that they use lithium-ion batteries Panasonic like in the majority of computers. ''But Tesla has bad batteries. For example, BMW uses batteries one and a half times more energy efficient. Tesla is good because they brought what they had to a good industrial design. In fact, from the energy point of view, it's a bad car,'' he discouraged Minnikhanov. ''But BMW has no serial production,'' he retorted, defending Tesla. ''Once in Japan Maganov and I were looking for fuel cells to put in our cars...''

After a short pause, he disappointedly noted that electric cars are still not for use in Russia: ''Of course, they are good, but in winter they use a lot of energy to heat and in summer to cool, so it is not enough for a long trip.'' Then Nail Maganov told that they have the money for electric cars, they not for roads… Then the president went further reasoning their shortcomings: ''The Road Fund has not received excise taxes from the electric cars, and they will have to increase the transport tax...'' The discussion finished on such a sad note.

Rustam Minnikhanov: ''The homeland needs not only weapons but also the economy. You leave the majority of defenders of the Fatherland with no money, it is impossible to protect the homeland with no industry and no economy''

Tatenergo about PRANA: the service that has no eventual result

The issue of protecting the large energy from emergency events received a practical solution. The director of the project PRANA of ROTEK JSC Artem Markelov said that the intelligent system is the first step to the repair as required, not under the rules of service. This will allow to reduce costs significantly and avoid emergency situations. These services are provided under service contracts or separately. Its essence lies in the fact that in order to determine the source of an emergency and to prevent it in advance. ''I managed the projects on the contract for supply of power for Tatenergo from the part of KES-Holding, and together with Tatenergo we worked out the mounting of a customized heat supply station. But now our system has not received a response from the power specialists,'' he complained. ''That's why I invited you here. Right, Hamza?'' Minnikhanov chided Deputy Director General of Tatenergo Hamza Bagmanov. ''Not quite right,'' he explained. ''We actually considered this proposal seriously. They competed on purchases of gas cars under the service contract, but unfortunately, General Electric seriously clings to the market and doesn't want to yield. Just consider it just as status monitoring — it is the service which has no eventual result.''

''Hamza, I don't know who of you is more right,'' peacefully stopped Minnikhanov. ''It is important to look at the resources of the equipment — all of these repairs are very expensive. A month suspend costs a lot of money,'' he made it clear that energy pays huge fines for emergency shutdowns.

''We could prevent an accident 20 days before its occurrence,'' entered into dialogue Markelov. ''The price paid – two billion rubles.''

''I agree,'' wearily nodded Minnikhanov. ''Artem, I have given the order, show what you can. If it converges, it is interesting to us.''

At the end of the meeting, Rustam Minnikhanov congratulated everyone on Defender of the Fatherland Day. ''The homeland needs not only weapons, but also the economy. You leave the majority of defenders of the Fatherland with no money, it is impossible to protect the homeland with no industry and no economy.''

By Luiza Ignatyeva. Photo: prav.tatarstan.ru